Travel Information about USA and NEW York(City)

(GMT)12 FEB 2017 CALRE5-:  Hi,
I will be exploring New York City next month. I wanna get to know more about New York. For example when and how did New York City come to be called The Big Apple.....
What are the best books about the history of New York?

(GMT)13 FEB 2017 9394IT:  How about all the NY gangster movies instead!